COMPOSITION STRUCTURE

INTRODUCTION

ARGUMENT/MAIN BODY

CONCLUSION

COMPOSITION MAIN STAGES

COMPOSITION SAMPLES: NARRATION  -  DESCRIPTION  - OPINION

 

A good composition structure:

  • Is made easier by prior planning.

  • Makes it clear how you are going to address the question, where you are going and why.

  • Sets out your main ideas clearly.

  • Makes it clear how the main ideas relate to each other.

  • Takes the reader through your answer in a logical, progressive way.

  • Organises groups of related information in paragraphs.

  • Uses connecting words and phrases to relate each point/idea to earlier and later points.

 

INTRODUCTION

  • Arouse the reader’s interest.

  • Set the scene.

  • Explain how you interpret the question set.

  • Define or explain key terms if necessary.

  • Identify the issues that you are going to explore.

  • Give a brief outline of how you will deal with each issue, and in which order.

 

ARGUMENT/MAIN BODY

Contains the points outlined in your introduction, divided into paragraphs:

Paragraph 1

  • Covers the first thing you said you would address.

  • The first sentence (the topic sentence) introduces the main idea of the paragraph.

  • Other sentences develop the topic.

  • Include relevant examples, details, evidence, quotations, references.

 

Paragraph 2 and other paragraphs

  • The first sentence links the paragraph to the previous paragraph then introduces the main idea of the paragraph.

 

CONCLUSION

  • Draw everything together.

  • Summarise the main themes.

  • State your general conclusions.

  • Make it clear why those conclusions are important or significant.

  • Do not introduce new material.

  • In the last sentence, sum up your argument very briefly, linking it to the title.

  • Suggest further questions of your own.

 

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