IRREGULAR VERBS: ADVANCED LEVEL
(Verbos irrregulares: nivel avanzado)

 

When there are two forms of past, regular and irregular, any of them is considered standard; however, I list first the form which is most frequently used today.

Cuando hay dos formas de pasado, regular e irregular, cualquiera de las dos es correcta, aunque pongo en primer lugar la forma que que hoy día se usa con más frecuencia.

You can learn them with these flashcards with sound:

Puedes aprenderlos con estas tarjetas de aprendizaje con sonido:

 

VERBOS IRREGULARES Y SU PRONUNCIACIÓN / IRREGULAR VERBS WITH SOUND   sound
FLASHCARDS 1-10 FLASHCARDS 11-20 FLASHCARDS 21-30 FLASHCARDS 31-40 FLASHCARDS 41-50
FLASHCARDS 51-60 FLASHCARDS 61-70 FLASHCARDS 71-80 FLASHCARDS 81-90 FLASHCARDS 91-95

 

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE SIGNIFICADO
abide abided / abode abided / abiden aguantar, soportar, morar, cumplir con
arise arose arisen surgir, levantarse
awake awoke / awaked awoken / awaked despertar[se]
 
bear bore born aguantar, soportar,sostener, dar a luz
beat beat beaten golpear, derrotar, ganar [a alguien]
become became become convertirse en, llegar a ser, volverse, ponerse
bend bent bent doblar, torcer, inclinarse
bet bet / betted bet / betted apostar[se]
bid bid bid ofrecer, pujar, licitar
bind bound bound atar, unir, encuadernar
breed bred bred criar, engendrar, procrear
burn burned / burnt burned / burnt quemar[se]
burst burst burst explosionar, estallar, explotar, reventar
 
cast cast cast lanzar, echar, emitir
cling clung clung agarrarse, adherirse, aferrarse
clothe clothed / clad clothed / clad vestir[se]
creep crept crept gatear, arrastrarse
 
deal dealt dealt tratar, repartir, dar [cartas, un golpe]
dig dug dug cavar
dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled habitar, morar
 
feed fed fed alimentar[se], dar de comer
fight fought fought pelear, combatir
fit fitted / fit fitted / fit quedar bien [atuendo], encajar
flee fled fled huir, huir de
fling flung flung echar, arrojar
forbid forbade forbidden prohibir
forecast forecasted / forecast forecasted / forecast pronosticar
foresee foresaw foreseen prever
foretell foretold foretold predecir
forgive forgave forgiven perdonar
freeze froze frozen congelar[se]
 
grind ground ground moler
grow grew grown crecer, cultivar
 
hang hung / hanged* hung / hanged* colgar[se] / * ahorcar
 
kneel kneeled / knelt kneeled / knelt arrodillar[se]
 
lay laid laid poner, colocar [horizontal]
lead led led guiar, llevar, conducir
lean leaned / leant leaned / leant apoyar[se], ladear[se]
leap leaped / leapt leaped / leapt saltar, brincar
learn learned / learnt learned / learnt aprender[se]
light lighted/ lit lighted / lit encender
 
mislead misled misled engañar, despistar, inducir a error
mistake mistook mistaken confundir[se], equivocarsel
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood entender mal, malinterpretar
mow mowed mowed / mown segar, cortar
 
overhear overheard overheard oír [por casualidad, sin intención]
overtake overtook overtaken adelantar, pillar desprevenido
 
prove proved proven / proved probar, resultar
 
rid rid / ridded rid / ridded librarse, deshacerse, desembarazarse
rise rose risen levantarse, subir, salir [sol, luna]
 
saw sawed sawed / sawn serrar
seek sought sought buscar, solicitar, ambicionar
set set set fijar, poner, colocar, montar, armar
sew sewed sewed / sewn coser
shake shook shaken sacudir, agitar, hacer temblar
shave shaved shaven / shaved afeitar[se]
shine shone/ shined shone/ shined brillar, lustrar
shrink shrank shrunk encoger[se], reducir[se]
shut shut shut cerrar[se]
sink sank sunk hundir[se]
slay slew slain matar
slide slid slid deslizar[se], resbalar[se]
sling slung slung tirar, arrojar
slink slunk slunk escabullirse, zafarse
slit slit slit rajar, cortar
sow sowed sown sembrar
speed speeded / sped speeded / sped ir a toda velocidad, apresurarse
spin spun spun girar, dar vueltas, hilar, tejer
spit spat spat escupir
split split split partir[se], rajar[se], dividir[se]
spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt estropear[se], mimar, consentir
spring sprang sprung saltar, brotar
stick stuck stuck pegar, encolar, clavar[se], atascarse
sting stung stung escocer, picar, arder
stink stank stunk apestar, oler mal
stride strode stridden andar a zancadas
strike struck struck/stricken golpear, dar la hora, declararse en huelga
string strung strung encordar, ensartar, atar
strive strove striven luchar, esforzarse
swell swelled swollen hincharse, crecer, aumentar
swing swung swung balancear[se], mecer[se], colgar[se]
 
tear tore torn desgarrar, romper, arrancar
thrust thrust thrust empujar, clavar
tread trod trodden pisar, andar, caminar
 
undergo underwent undergone sufrir, someterse a, recibir [tratamiento]
undertake undertook undertaken emprender, acometer, comprometerse a
upset upset upset enfadar, trastornar
 
weave wove / weaved woven / weaved tejer[se]
weep wept wept llorar
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted mojar[se], humedecer[se]
wind wound wound dar cuerda, serpentear, envolver, enrollar
withdraw withdrew withdrawn retirar[se], sacar [dinero], apartarse
withhold withheld withheld retener, ocultar, aplazar
withstand withstood withstood resistir[se], aguantar
wring wrung wrung torcer, retorcer, estrujar, escurrir

 

ir arriba

 

© M.B.V. 2007-2015 - Contacto - Esta obra está bajo licencia de Creative Commons Creative Commons License