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CLAUSES OF COMPARISON
(Oraciones subordinadas comparativas)

CONJUNCIONES (Conjunctions)
CONJUNCIONES COORDINANTES (Coordinating conjunctions)
CONJUNCIONES CORRELATIVAS (Correlative conjunctions)
CONJUNCIONES SUBORDINANTES (Subordinating conjunctions): causales (of cause) -> comparativas (of comparison) -> concesivas (of contrast) -> condicionales (of condition) -> consecutivas (of result) -> de lugar (of place) -> de modo (of manner) -> de tiempo (of time) -> finales (of purpose)

 

Las subordinadas adverbiales comparativas (Adverbial clauses of comparison) expresan el segundo término de una comparación que se inicia en la proposición principal.


as + adjective / adverb + as tan + adjetivo / adverbio + como
not as / so + adjective / adverb + as no tan + adjetivo / adverbio + como
as much + uncountable noun + as tanto / tanta + sustantivo no contable + como
as many + countable noun + as tantos / tantas + sustantivo contable + como
the same + noun + as el/lo/la/los/las mismo/a/os/as + sustantivo + que
more + adjective / adverb / noun + than

adjective / adverb + -er than
más + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo + que
less + adjective / adverb / uncountable noun + than menos + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo no contable + que
fewer + adjective / adverb / countable noun + than menos + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo contable + que

 

as + adjective / adverb + as tan + adjetivo / adverbio + como
not as / so + adjective / adverb + as no tan + adjetivo / adverbio + como

She is as intelligent as her sister.
(Ella es tan ingeligente como su hermana.)

She is as wise as her brother is foolish.
(Ella es tan sensata como su hermano es insensato.)

He doesn't run as / so fast as the other players.
(No corre tan rápidamente como los otros jugadores.)

 

as much + singular noun / uncountable noun + as tanto / tanta + sustantivo singular / no contable + como
as many + plural noun / countable noun + as tantos / tantas + sustantivo plural / contable + como

He always spends as much money as he earns.
(Siempre se gasta tanto dinero como gana.)

We didn't invite as many friends as (we did) at our last party.
(No invitamos a tantos amigos como (hicimos) en nuestra última fiesta.)

 

the same + noun + as el / lo / la / los / las mismo/a/os/as + sustantivo + que

He hasn't the same temper as his brother.
(No tiene el mismo carácter que su hermano.)

He gave us the same old excuses as he always did.
(Nos vino con las mismas viejas excusas como siempre hacía.)

 

more + adjective / adverb / noun + than

adjective / adverb + -er than
más + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo + que

He isn't younger than I (am) / me (colloquial).
(No es más jóven que yo.)

We'll travel more comfortably than we expected.
(Viajaremos más cómodamente de lo que esperábamos.)

They had to buy more expensive tickets than they intended.
(Tuvieron que comprar billetes más caros de lo que tenían pensado.)

 

Dentro de las subordinadas comparativas cabe destacar las construcciones correlativas.

The more he heard, the angrier he got.
(Cuanto más oía, más se enfadaba.)

The more you explain it to him, the less he'll understand it.
(Cuanto más se lo expliques, menos lo entenderá.)

 

less + adjective / adverb / no contable noun ... than menos + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo no contable + que
fewer + adjective / adverb / contable noun ... than menos + adjetivo / adverbio / sustantivo contable + que

We had less time than we had asked.
(Tuvimos menos tiempo del que habíamos pedido.)

If he had worked less slowly than he did, he would have finished the report.
(Si hubiera trabajado menos lentamente de lo que lo hizo, habría acabado el informe.)

He had fewer reliable friends than he thought.
(Él tenía menos amigos de confianza de lo que pensaba.)

The less funny his jokes were, the fewer people laughed.
(Cuanto memos divertidas eran sus bromas, menos gente se ría.)

 

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