Bon's tips EFL grammar exercises

Examen de Selectividad (1)
(Lee las instrucciones para el examen)

Un ejercicio para 2º Bachillerato
(An exercise for Advanced students.)

Lee el texto y contesta las preguntas. Cuidado con la puntuación y las mayúsculas.
(Read the text and answer the questions. Pay attention to punctuation and capital letters.)


One of the most difficult questions to answer is how much a job is worth. We naturally expect that a doctor’s salary will be higher than a bus driver’s. But the question becomes much more difficult to answer when we compare, say, a miner and an engineer, or an unskilled man working on an oil rig in the North Sea with a teacher in a secondary school. What the doctor, the engineer and the teacher have in common is that they have devoted several years of their lives to studying in order to obtain the necessary qualifications for their professions. We feel instinctively that these skills and years when they were studying instead or earning money should be rewarded. At the same time, we recognise that the work of the miner and the oil rig labourer is both hard and dangerous, and they must be highly paid for the risks they take.
However, you can argue that a man who does a job which brings him personal satisfaction is already receiving part of the reward in the form of the so called "psychic wage", and that it is the man with the boring, repetitive job who needs more money to make up for the soul destroying monotony of his work. It is significant that those jobs which are raditionally regarded as "vocations" –nursing, teaching and the Church, for example– continue to be poorly paid, while others, such as those in the world of sport or entertainment, carry financial rewards out of all proportion to their social worth.