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Examen de Selectividad (16)
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Un ejercicio para 2º Bachillerato
(An exercise for Advanced students.)

Lee el texto y contesta las preguntas. Cuidado con la puntuación y las mayúsculas.
(Read the text and answer the questions. Pay attention to punctuation and capital letters.)


Health experts in Brussels have been told that despite a fall in the global figure for the number of people affected by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and AIDS, the situation in Europe and central Asia is getting worse. Around 2.4 million people in Europe and Central Asia are living with HIV, approximately 760,000 of them within the European Union. What is concerning health professionals is that new infections are on the increase, and the number of children and adults living with the disease has doubled in the past six years.
Even more worrying, at least half these people don't know they're infected. In some countries as many as 70 percent don't realise they are HIV positive. And these people are much more likely to transmit the disease than those who have been diagnosed.
So a Brussels conference of more than 300 health workers from across Europe and Central Asia has called for much wider testing for HIV, trying to reach those who do not know they are infected. The experts warn that late diagnosis of HIV is causing unnecessary deaths from an illness that can now be treated. People will not die of HIV if detected early enough.
Adapted from